INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR KRISHNA CONSCIOUSNESS
Founder-Ācārya: His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda
Welcome Lecture Given By His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami
USA Retreat 2014, Gītā-Nāgarī, 23 July 2014.
[Guru Mahārāja leads kīrtana singing Hare Kṛṣṇa maha-mantra]
nama om visnu-pādāya Kṛṣṇa-presthāya bhū-tale
śrīmate bhaktivedānta-svāmin iti nāmine
namas te sārasvate deve gaura-vānī-pracārine
Śrīla Prabhupāda Ki Jaya!
BCS: Hare Kṛṣṇa ! How is everybody doing? So I want to thank all of you for coming. I hosted another retreat in Spain just before coming here to Gītā-Nāgarī. As most of you know, I am organizing these retreats so as to spend some time with all of you. At one time I felt that instead of me visiting different places only for a short while, it would be better to spend a few days together – to let everybody come, and to spend some quality time together. The first retreat I hosted was in 2007 in Switzerland. The next retreat was held in Orlando, in 2008. Since then, every year we are hosting retreats in five different places: America, Europe, South Africa, Australia, and India (Ujjain). Each year I elect a different topic and speak on that topic at every retreat. For example, in one year we studied Rāmayana. I chose Rāmayana because I felt that if I did Mahābhārata first then there wouldn’t be any room for doing the Rāmayana again, and so I first began with the Rāmayana. Another reason was that I had noticed that too much philosophical discussion tended to make everyone fall asleep, and yet how everyone woke up when I told some stories. So then I thought, why not stories from our scriptures, like the Rāmayana? The next year I did Mahābhārata. It was very nice because in a way that also forced me to read Rāmayana and Mahābhārata more carefully. In this way, each year we have been studying different topics. Last year was Kṛṣṇa’s pastimes in Vṛndāvana. This year I was actually planning to do Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s pastimes, but then the book, ‘Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position as Founder-Ācārya of ISKCON’ was released, and the GBC body asked the senior members to speak about this wherever they went, since establishing Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position is very important for our movement. And so that’s why this year I selected this topic. I will give the seminar on Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position, but we will also be concurrently discussing other topics. For example in the morning, during Bhāgavatam class we will discuss about the Prayers of Queen Kuntī, then from 11 am to 1 pm will be the seminar about Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position, and in the evening will be Gaur Kathā, which is Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s pastimes.
[Guru Mahārāja discusses the retreat program]
And by 9:30 pm – Lights out! [Laughter] Everyone go to bed early. Early to bed, early to rise … makes you? Makes you healthy, wealthy and Kṛṣṇa conscious! [Laughter][Guru Mahārāja consults the retreat program flyer] According to the printed program, on one day I will give the Bhāgavatam class, then Ravindra Svarupa prabhu will speak about the Founder-Ācārya. As you all know, Ravindra Svarupa prabhu wrote the book and so we are very fortunate to have him here. And we are also very fortunate to have Mother Rukmiṇī here [Guru Mahārāja smiling lovingly]. So we will make some adjustments so that Mother Rukmiṇī can also give a seminar. [Guru Mahārāja further discusses the program while reading the flyer]. Okay, Mother Rukmiṇī is scheduled on the third day to speak about Founder-Ācārya. [Further discussion about the program]. However, I was just thinking that although Mother Rukmiṇī is giving the seminar on Founder-Ācārya, she is not giving the Bhāgavatam class, and so we will need to make some adjustments. [To Mother Rukmiṇī] Then on the third day you can do both, the Founder-Ācārya and Bhāgavatam lectures. Okay, so we will have a lot of fun! [Guru Mahārāja laughs. Devotees laugh]
Frankly speaking, when I was first considering giving a seminar on Founder-Ācārya, I wondered how it would be received since I was concerned that it could be a little dry topic, concerning management and so forth. But I was very surprised to see in Spain, where I gave the first seminar on this topic, how it was very well received. There were about 120 devotees and they were very enlivened. All of them were very enlivened. Prior to the retreat, I spoke in different places; first I was in Italy, and in [inaudible] Milan in an evening program, I spoke about Prabhupāda’s position as the Founder-Ācārya. It was very well taken. Then next, I went to Ra dhadesh and there also I spoke on this topic. And I could see how eager the devotees were [are] to be re-assured about their relationship with Śrīla Prabhupāda. As spiritual masters, we actually have to be the via medium – a transparent via medium, as opposed to being an opaque via medium. Transparent means that no light is obstructed, but our understanding of transparent via medium is even more profound. It’s like a magnifying glass or a pair of glasses; it sits between the eyes and the object, but instead of obstructing/obscuring the vision, it enhances the vision. So in ISKCON, the devotees of ISKCON – especially the leading devotees of ISKCON, and especially the spiritual masters – we actually have the responsibility, to magnify Śrīla Prabhupāda to those devotees who are newly joining. The more we do this, the stronger our movement will become. Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position is very important because we need an institution, since without an institution such a massive task of spreading Kṛṣṇa consciousness all over the world to every town and village, is not going to be possible.
Anyway we will discuss this in greater detail at the seminars. But I briefly wanted to also highlight that we are in a way, very fortunate because we have seen, and therefore learnt, from what happened to the Gauḍīya Math after Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura’s disappearance. The Gauḍīya mission, Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura’s institution, was a very vibrant and dynamic institution. Can you imagine that in those days, almost 100 years ago, they had 63 temples in India? To have 63 temples at that time in India was something very, very remarkable. However, soon after Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura’s disappearance, not only did the preaching stop, but the institution also collapsed. Why did the institution collapse? In order to secure the institution, two factors are very important. One, is the head of the institution i.e. recognizing the head of the institution’s permanent position as the Founder-Ācārya, in the institution. Further, the role and importance of the founder, is equally important as being the spiritual head of the institution. Two, is the concept of collective management. In the case of the Gauḍīya Math, Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura emphatically instructed his disciples to continue the mission through forming a GBC body, which applies a concept of collective management. He never mentioned anything about who would be the next Ācārya or who would be the guru. Unfortunately soon after his disappearance, some of his leading disciples debated, how could a spiritual organization be run by a bunch of managers? [Rather they felt that] A spiritual institution needs a head – an Ācārya – and so they appointed one. When that Ācārya fell down, you can well imagine how the structure also collapsed. Prabhupāda pointed out that henceforward, everyone wanted to become an Ācārya. As a result of the latter, we are all familiar with what ensued within the Gauḍīya Math. The underlying point is that they did not adhere to the instruction of applying the concept of collective management.
The next point of consideration is that ‘institution’ is generally synonymous with a large body/organization. In the past in India, the gurus had their āśrama where they trained a handful of disciples, and eventually handed over their legacy to a successor. Disciples wanting to continue the mission would also set up their āśrama, and this was how things continued. While this is possible in a small structure, with an international mission such as spreading Kṛṣṇa consciousness all over the world and in every town and village, a massive organization is undoubtedly required. Thus to hold an organization of such magnitude together, as earlier emphasized, two factors are absolutely essential. One, is the permanent position of the head of the institution, and two, is the concept of collective management, continued generation after generation. Prabhupāda was very emphatic about these two factors. In contrast, while Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura was emphatic about the concept of collective management via the GBC body, he did not provide any specific detail about his position in the institution. Śrīla Prabhupāda however, was emphatic about both the factors.
I used to often wonder; on the one hand Śrīla Prabhupāda was so humble. I saw how Śrīla Prabhupāda did not want to accept any credit for anything. I remember how once in Calcutta there was a press conference and one of the reporters was eloquently glorifying Śrīla Prabhupāda; that Caitanya Mahāprabhu spread Kṛṣṇa Consciousness throughout India but Śrīla Prabhupāda spread Kṛṣṇa Consciousness throughout the world. He implied that Śrīla Prabhupāda did something greater than Caitanya Mahāprabhu. In a way this is true; Mahāprabhu did not spread Kṛṣṇa Consciousness all over the world but He predicted that it would happen, and Śrīla Prabhupāda was the personality who fulfilled His prophecy. But Prabhupāda’s response was: “I haven’t done anything. It is Caitanya Mahāprabhu and my Guru Mahārāja who did everything; They simply gave me the credit. They did everything but They simply gave the credit to me.” So that was one experience I had. A couple of weeks later in Bombay, a newspaper article was printed in one of the main newspapers, Times of India or something to that effect, and it was about our Juhu project that was under construction at the time. There was a prominent article and Tamal Kṛṣṇa Mahārāja was reading it out to Śrīla Prabhupāda. Śrīla Prabhupāda asked, “Whom were these people interviewing? Who actually gave all this information?” So Tamal Kṛṣṇa Mahārāja found out that it was one of the sannyāsis who was leading the project. Prabhupāda asked to see that individual and Prabhupāda was so heavy [with him].Do you know why? Prabhupāda noticed that there was not a single mention of his name as the Founder-Ācārya in the entire article. So here we see that Prabhupāda was so particular about being the Founder-Ācārya, and how the article neglecting mention of this had made him very upset. But of course I did not allow this thought to dwell in my mind and I merely brushed it aside. However, it was only much later on that I realized why … it took me many years, to recognize why Śrīla Prabhupāda had been so particular.
Prabhupāda was not particular [about being the Founder-Ācārya] because of His aggrandizement. Rather, he was particular because of the integrity of our institution. [He was protecting] The security of our institution so that it remained intact – and that’s why Prabhupāda’s position as the Founder-Ācārya is so important. Moreover, Prabhupāda was very emphatic about the concept of collective management through the GBC. As we have seen, Prabhupāda himself was the brainchild of the concept of the GBC-body, brought it into existence, and awarded it absolute importance. What did Prabhupāda say? “The GBC is the ultimate managing authority of ISKCON”. To give further importance, Prabhupāda also appointed himself as a member of the GBC. So naturally he was the founder and the head of the institution, so what to speak of the importance Prabhupada ascribed to the GBC body? And today we can see, that in spite of so many difficulties, ISKCON is not only together, ISKCON is expanding, ISKCON is growing. Do you know how long it took for Gauḍīya Math to fall apart? Three days after Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura’s disappearance they began to fight into sub-factions, and within a few months, the institution was completely devastated. It began with two groups who were fighting between themselves, and we witnessed how it eventually just fell apart. To more deeply understand the complexity of the Gaudiya Math’s fate, a further point of consideration is that most of its sannyāsis maintained their spiritual life with hardly anyone falling down. While they had their respective āśramas, temples, groups of disciples, and were doing some preaching, but because the institution had collapsed, the massive preaching mission that Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura established, also disintegrated and fell apart. While they were undoubtedly individually continuing with their spiritual life, what had happened with the preaching mission? The preaching mission became ineffective because the institution was not there. Prabhupāda actually told us before leaving this planet, “Don’t make the same mistakes that my godbrothers made after Guru Mahārāja’s disappearance. Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura wanted his disciples to maintain the institution collectively but they did not, because they did not listen to him. Instead they appointed an Ācārya who fell down, and when the [organizational] structure collapsed, everyone wanted to be [appointed] Ācārya. So don’t make the same mistake.” And we can see in ISKCON, why is the movement still together with such intensity and massive effectivity in preaching? Perhaps Ravindra Svarupa prabhu can talk about ISKCON’s history because he loves to speak about this.
ISKCON went through many difficulties after Prabhupāda’s disappearance. In Gauḍīya Math we saw how only one leader fell down. In ISKCON we witnessed something more drastic about the fall down of leaders. The concept initially followed was that Śrīla Prabhupāda was being succeeded by eleven gurus. Of those eleven gurus, within seven years six of them had fallen down which caused a massive damage to our movement. When the gurus fell down, the disciples left with them and lost their faith in the process. In this way, there have been so many tribulations that ISKCON has faced. Also, soon after Śrīla Prabhupāda’s disappearance, the manner in which some of the leading devotees conducted themselves completely discouraged some fellow godbrothers and godsisters, who consequently left the movement. As a result have you noticed how many of Śrīla Prabhupāda’s disciples are actively involved in ISKCON today? Very few, very few. Most of the individuals who were in the leading positions during Prabhupāda’s time are hardly still around. So these incidents have caused such great damage to the institution. But still ISKCON is alive and not only alive, ISKCON is growing, ISKCON is becoming stronger and stronger. The manner in which things are now progressing, at least I feel very, very optimistic about the future of ISKCON. Thus, as earlier emphasized, the two factors essential for this, are Prabhupāda’s position as the Founder-Ācārya and the concept of collective management through the GBC … and because of these two factors, the institution of ISKCON is intact. Gauḍīya Math disintegrated soon after Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura’s disappearance, but ISKCON, 37 years after Śrīla Prabhupāda’s disappearance, is becoming stronger and stronger. ISKCON is not only there but it is becoming stronger, and so these are some very positive signs. And why do we need an institution? Because personalities like Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura, Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura, Śrīla Prabhupāda, came to this world – we are also fortunate that these personalities came in succession – and these three personalities are actually Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s arrangement to fulfill His prediction [Thus, the institution of ISKCON is required to fulfill Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s prediction].
Looking at the history of Gauḍīya Vaishnavism we see that during Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s time Kṛṣṇa consciousness spread all over India. It spread in such a tremendous way but soon after His disappearance, His teachings were within 250 years, completely lost. They were eclipsed by the other sampradāyas to the extent that the cultured, educated people in Bengal at least, did not want to have anything to do with Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s mission, or with Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. What was being propagated in the name of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s teachings completely repulsed those people, and this was sadly, quite understandable. Just consider that in the name of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, if someone promoted meat eating, intoxication, illicit sex and gambling, would you identify yourself with that movement? And that’s what was going on … at least intoxication and illicit sex. Some groups were promoting this as Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s teachings and people thus refused to be associated with Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s mission. The situation was so dire that when Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura was looking for a Caitanya-caritāmṛta, he couldn’t find a single copy in the entire of Bengal. It was only in Orissa that he found a hand written copy. Of course in those days everything was practically hand written, and so he wrote his Amṛta-pravāha-bhāṣya commentary to the Caitanya-caritāmṛta and began printing that … and that is how he started the revival of Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s teachings! Mahāprabhu’s teachings and Mahāprabhu’s Dhāma were lost and had long since disappeared, but in that dark age, Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura appeared and began the revival of Mahāprabhu’s mission. He designed the blueprint of Mahāprabhu’s saṅkīrtana movement’s propagation of Kṛṣṇa Consciousness. Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura appeared in succession to give shape to this blueprint, and Śrīla Prabhupāda finally appeared to distribute it throughout the world and fulfill Mahāprabhu’s prediction.
A further important detail deems emphasis; both Prabhupāda and Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura, while establishing their preaching mission, were aware that this mission would not be accomplished in one lifetime. This is naturally understandable. What is Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s prediction? Not [spreading Kṛṣṇa Consciousness] all over the world but in every town and village. So is it going to happen in one lifetime? No. Thus to continue that mission there was a need for an institution, and because Śrīla Prabhupāda could understand the spirit of His spiritual master … he was in fact the only one who could understand … [he established ISKCON]. Thus, the importance of an institution to continue such a mission is extremely essential. We need not look beyond the Gauḍīya Math to understand this point. The institution was established and preaching was going on in such a wonderful way. However, soon after Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura’s disappearance, when an Ācārya was appointed and who later fell down, the structure also collapsed. A further factor contributing to the downfall, was appointing one person as the head of an institution of such magnitude. On the one hand, part of the problem is our frailty, and spiritual deficiency – we are fallble. We have seen how prominent leaders have fallen down, thus further proving the extent of our fallibility. The other part of the problem is that people are envious, more so in this age of Kali. Thus, in appointing one person as the head of the institution not everybody may be able [or willing] to accept it, and we further run the risk of the institution disintegrating. Now consider, who will ever doubt or become envious of Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position? Because he is Founder-Ācārya, he established the institution from scratch, he built it up. So there is a need for a head … so let Śrīla Prabhupāda be that head for all time. Let’s consider another important argument – look at the various successful spiritual organizations … the first thought that comes to my mind is Christianity. Consider how the position of Jesus Christ in Christianity is absolutely secured. Will anyone ever be able to come and take over the position of Jesus? Christianity may have disintegrated into groups but Jesus’s position in Christianity is intact forever. This also holds true for Islam; Muhammad’s position is completely secured. Prabhupāda also told us, that though he was completely opposed to the Rāma Kṛṣṇa mission and Swami Vivekananda, how he appreciated their institution in a small way. There again, one credit that must be given to Vivekananda is that he secured the position of Rāma Kṛṣṇa to such an extent that despite so many years after his disappearance, the Rāma Kṛṣṇa [mission] is still together and going strong. Caitanya Mahāprabhu predicted that Kṛṣṇa consciousness would spread all over the world and in every town and village. Will it happen? Who can ever doubt this? If we accept that Caitanya Mahāprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who can every doubt that His words will come true? This is one important point. Now how is it going to happen? We can again refer to the Gauḍīya Math post-dissolution; while they were able to individually practice Kṛṣṇa consciousness, the massive preaching mission had fallen apart. It therefore becomes quite clear in our minds that the presence of an institution is absolutely essential to continue the mission [of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu and fulfilling His prediction].
In the more recent years, we have begun coming to terms with how the institution of ISKCON faced so many difficulties. For example, immediately after Prabhupāda’s disappearance, one calamity faced was the zonal ācārya system that had caused so much of damage and loss. Practically most of Śrīla Prabhupāda’s disciples lost faith in the institution [due to that system] and left. When they fell down, they left, and their disciples also left … such a massive loss. One after another, ISKCON has experienced many detrimental episodes. Further, ISKCON was very badly affected by a group of individuals who claimed that Śrīla Prabhupāda did not give us everything; that Prabhupāda only gave us the ABCD’s of spiritual life, and we ought to seek their shelter to obtain the higher understanding. However, in spite of all these damages, ISKCON is still together, and the world wide preaching mission is still going on. In fact, it is expanding and an intelligent class of people is being attracted to Kṛṣṇa consciousness. We have noticed especially in India, how the intelligent youth are becoming very much affected by ISKCON and are joining in numbers. In the West we are also seeing the success of Rādhānātha Mahārāja’s preaching. A very intelligent class of people, successful individuals and exalted personalities, are becoming open to Kṛṣṇa consciousness … they are listening. So we have to give the credit to Rādhānātha Mahārāja for these massive preaching accomplishments that he is achieving. These are thus the signs that the world is opening up and getting ready to accept Kṛṣṇa consciousness. And it is all because we are all together in the institution of ISKCON. If we disintegrated, we would probably be able to carry on in our little temples as Gauḍīya Math is doing – but the worldwide mission would not be there. So that is why we have to recognize Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position in ISKCON, and then only in the light of Śrīla Prabhupāda’s position as the Founder-Ācārya we can get to recognize what ISKCON actually is, and what ISKCON is supposed to achieve.
So this is the objective of our seminar for the next few days: Prabhupāda’s position as the Founder-Ācārya. Please be very vigilant and open. I know that you will have many questions, so please feel free to ask them. Prabhupāda always wanted us to be situated in the proper understanding that we are dealing with the Absolute Truth. We are therefore ready to discuss about anything, and answer any question to dispel the doubts that you may have. So thank you all very much. All glories to Śrīla Prabhupāda! I just wanted to give you an introduction to what this seminar is going to be all about. Maybe we can take a few questions if there are any? Mother Rukmiṇī would you like to say something?
MR: It’s very interesting to hear you talk about Prabhupāda’s humility and how you were bewildered, and why he was stressing this Founder-Ācārya. It’s also the way that you are bringing it to conclusion, it is very interesting – how Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura did not stress that one point and Śrīla Prabhupāda did. I think that’s profound.
BCS: Thank you. Now we are waiting to listen to you. Do you know that Mother Rukmiṇī is one of the first devotees to join ISKCON? And she did so much, she rendered so much of service to Śrīla Prabhupāda and she was also very dear to Śrīla Prabhupāda. These are the devotees who came and made ISKCON happen … the early days. Today we are being attracted to ISKCON and Śrīla Prabhupāda because Prabhupāda’s greatness has become manifest and ISKCON’s glory has been established. But those days, our movement was very, very new. Prabhupāda was just an elderly Indian who had just come from India. But just consider that these are the devotees who offered themselves completely to Śrīla Prabhupāda. Of course Śrīla Prabhupāda was an extremely attractive personality, but despite being such an attractive personality, in India hardly anyone recognized him. When Prabhupāda was in India, he had only one disciple, and he did not follow Prabhupāda either. But these young Americans recognized Śrīla Prabhupāda. So what does it indicate? This indicates that these devotees are not ordinary devotees. These devotees have been sent by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu to assist Śrīla Prabhupāda to fulfill His mission.
[Haribol! Applause] Like Mother Rukmiṇī and Mukunda Mahārāja, he did so much for Śrīla Prabhupāda. Then Śyāmasundara prabhu, Yamuna Mātājī, Mother Mālatī, Gurudas prabhu; these three couples actually started the center in San Francisco. It was Mukunda Mahārāja who secured the 26th 2nd Avenue center for Śrīla Prabhupāda. Then Prabhupāda asked him to go to San Francisco, and so he teamed up with his two other friends, Śyāmasundara prabhu, Gurudas prabhu and their girlfriends. They set up the San Francisco center which caused a great revolution at that time in the lives of the American youth. Thereafter these three couples went to England and started the movement there and managed to influence George Harrison. Anyway, ISKCON’s history is so glorious. So this is how with the help of these young Americans, Śrīla Prabhupāda established ISKCON and spread it all over the world. Thank you so much Mother Rukmiṇī.
Devotee: We use the term guru in the sense that everyone should become a guru. We also have the term ācārya. But in ISKCON we use the terms guru and ācārya. Is there any distinction between guru and ācārya?
BCS: Guru and ācārya are the same. You see the word guru is used in a more general way to denote a teacher, like a dance guru, music guru, cooking guru, or any teacher. Even at school, the teacher is considered to be ‘guru’. However, when it comes to guru in the context of spiritual education, the spiritual master or spiritual teacher, he is expected to teach by his own example – and that guru is ācārya. So in a way we may say that a spiritual teacher, a person who is imparting spiritual wisdom, is an ācārya. We can see in ISKCON, that all of its members are ācāryas. No meat eating, intoxication, gambling and illicit sex – this is how they are practicing what they are preaching themselves. How many people can do that in this world today? But in ISKCON every devotee is expected to do that. Further, they are giving the highest spiritual benefit, the chanting of the mahā-mantra. This benefit was rare, even for Lord Śiva… can you imagine? This was rare even for Lord Brahma. However, devotees are distributing it to anyone and everyone. So aren’t they ācāryas? Yes they are, but that doesn’t mean that they will demand a certain degree of worship. Vaiṣṇavas are not interested in worship or any recognition and this is what we have to do in ISKCON. Our mood should be, let all the glories be for Śrīla Prabhupāda. We say that: All glories to Śrīla Prabhupāda! So let it be the standard. And we will all be glorified as ISKCON expands and ISKCON becomes successful in establishing Mahāprabhu’s mission.
Okay … thank you very much. So we can have a little kīrtana and end it today.
[Guru Mahārāja leads kīrtana singing Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra]
Retreat Pictures : click here
Transcription: Rādhā Kantaa devi dasi
Editing: Rādhā Kantaa devi dasi and Rāmānanda Rāya Dāsa