Malaga Retreat 2014 – Day 1 – Prayers Of Queen Kuntī

Malaga Retreat 2014 – Day 1 – Prayers Of Queen Kuntī

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR KRISHNA CONSCIOUSNESS

Founder-Ācārya: His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda

The following lecture is the morning lecture of the second day of the Malaga Retreat by His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami, given on Thursday 17 July 2014 in Malaga,Spain.

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: (sings Jaya Rādhā Madhava, Hare Kṛṣṇa kirtan.)

nama oḿ viṣṇupādāya kṛṣṇa-preṣṭhāya bhū-tale
śrīmate bhaktivedānta-svāmin iti

namas te sārasvate deve gaura-vāṇī-pracāriṇe
nirviśeṣa-śūnyavādi-pāścātya-deśa-tāriṇe

Śrīla Prabhupāda Ki Jaya!

Hare Kṛṣṇa.

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: So how is everything? How many of you got up before four o’clock today? How many of you got up before five o’clock today? How many of you got up after five o’clock today? How many of you did not get up as yet? Thank you. Hare Kṛṣṇa.

So how was the first night? Did you sleep well? Okay. Hare Kṛṣṇa. How many of you have chanted more than 8 rounds so far? How many of you have chanted all your sixteen rounds already? Oh, very good, very good. Only two persons did. Mandira devi dasi and Sacimati Mata devi dasi. Very good.

Hare Kṛṣṇa. So as I mentioned earlier the program will be: in the morning Bhāgavatam class from 07h45 till 08h30. Fourty five minutes.

Devotee: [Unclear]

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: 08h45. Okay. When is the breakfast? Okay, [Unclear]

So the ‘Prayer of Queen Kuntī’ is a part of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, first canto, eight chapter. This chapter is describing how Kṛṣṇa was about to leave Hastināpura. After the battle of Kuruksetra the Pāṇḍavas were reinstated on the throne and Yudhistira Mahārāja became the ruler of the entire earth planet. And at that time Kṛṣṇa Who had been away from Dvārakā for quite some time, was about to leave for Dvārakā. And at that time mother Kuntī approached Kṛṣṇa. Who is Kṛṣṇa? What is the relationship between Mother Kuntī with Kṛṣṇa? How many of you remember?

Devotees: Aunt

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: Very good. Kuntī is the aunt of Kṛṣṇa. King Śūrasena who was the king of the Yadu dynasty had a daughter and a son. The son is Vasudeva, Kṛṣṇa’s father and the daughter was Queen Kuntī. And Vasudeva had a cousin and also a very intimate friend, called king Kuntībhoja. Kuntībhoja did not have any children. So Vasudeva actually assured him that his second child, he would offer to him. And since the second child was a daughter, he offered that daughter to King Kuntībhoja. The name of this girl, the name of this daughter was Pṛthā. But because she was adopted by king Kuntībhoja, her name became also Kuntī. She was popularly known as Queen Kuntī, Kuntīdevi. A very beautiful girl endowed with all kinds of wonderful qualities. When she was a little girl her father engaged her to take care of the important guests who came to his palace.

Everybody can hear me? Those who are on the last row? If you can’t hear me then why don’t you tell me? I didn’t think that you are that afraid of me. [Laughter] Hare Kṛṣṇa. Is it better now? Hare Kṛṣṇa. Is it even better now?

Devotees: Yes

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: Hare Kṛṣṇa. Is it even better now?

Devotees: Yes. [Laughter]

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: Okay, King Kuntībhoja, you see there are different dynasties. The Yadu dynastie is one dynasty, Bhoja is one dynasty, the Bhoja-dynasty. Kuntī-Bhoja was from the Bhoja dynasty. Therefore he was known as Kuntī-Bhoja. So Kuntī, a little girl was engaged in taking care of the guests. And one day a very powerful and a personality known for his anger, Durvāsā, came there. How many of you know Durvāsā? Durvāsā Muni came to the palace of King Kuntī-Bhoja. King Kuntī-Bhoja became his guest. And as I told you he was famous for his anger. Do you remember what he did to king Ambarīṣa? How many of you remember what Durvāsā did to King Ambarīṣa Mahārāja. Oh, so many of you don’t know! How many of you want to know what he did? And how many of you don’t care?

Devotees: [Laughter]

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: Those who did not raise their hands. Okay. Ambarīṣa Mahārāja observed his vow of Ekādaśī for one year. And one aspect of observing Ekādaśī is to break the fast at a specific time. That is called paran, breaking the fast at a specific time. And in the mean time Durvāsā came there. The king requested: “Please go and take your bath. And we will arrange in the mean time for your prasādam. We will arrange for your… Because they also observed Ekādaśī. So we will arrange for your breakfast. And now Durvāsā went to take bath and he did not come back for a long time. And the time of paran was running out. So the priest, the advisors, the ministers and other brāhmaṇas advised king Ambarīṣa that he can just break his fast taking a drop of water, just take a little water. When he was just about to take water or he took water, Durvāsā came and he became angry like a ball of fire. “You invited me to take prasādam in your house and even without feeding me you are eating; you are breaking your fast. Everyone tried to pacify Durvāsā but he was totally uncontrollable. Then Durvāsā became so angry that he picked up a tuft of hair and smashed it on the ground in order to harm. A demon appeared to attack Ambarīṣa Mahārāja. So when that happened then Sudarśana chakra came, not only did He take care of the demon, the Sudarśana chakra was about to take care of the Durvāsā also. No matter how powerful one is, Vaiṣṇavas are protected by the Sudarśana chakra. This Sudarśana chakra now is attacking Durvāsā. Durvāsā ran for his life. He went everywhere, he went to heavenly planets, he went to hellish planets, he was running everywhere and Sudarśana chakra was chasing him. He had mystic power, so he could run at a faster speed than Sudarśana chakra. But no one could give him protection. Then finally he went to Lord Brahma. Brahma said: “Please forgive me, I can’t do anything.” He went to Lord Shiva who said: “I am sorry”. Then finally Durvāsā went to Vaikuṇṭha and told Nārāyaṇa. Nārāyaṇa said: “Look, I also can’t do anything.” You go back to Ambarīṣa Mahārāja to whom you have committed the offense. It’s only he who can save you from this dangerous situation. He went to Ambarīṣa Mahārāja, begged forgiveness and what was Ambarīṣa Mahārāja’s response? Ambarīṣa Mahārāja’s response was: “All right, don’t worry, you did not commit any offense.” This is the nature of a Vaiṣṇava. All forgiving. Don’t worry, everything is all right. This is how and then only the Sudarśana chakra desisted and went back to Nārāyaṇa’s hand.

We can see, this is how powerful Durvāsā was. And whenever Durvāsā came, everyone was afraid. You know what Duryodhana did? Duryodhana thought that he would use Durvāsā to curse the Pāṇḍava when they were in exile in a forest. So one day Durvāsā came to Duryodhana and he treated him very nicely and then Durvāsā asked him: “O, I am so pleased with you, tell me what can I do for you do.” Duryodhana said: “Look, I am very fond of the Pāṇḍavas. And I wish that you should go and bless them also. And please go there at such and such time. That will be most auspicious for them. And what would be that time? When Draupadī also had eaten.

When the Pāṇḍavas went to exile then the brāhmaṇas were accompanying them. Many, many brāhmaṇas were accompanying them. So their concern was: “How am I going to feed all of them? We are in the forest. When the Pāṇḍavas were the kings, they used to feed sixteen thousand brāhmaṇas every day. And how they used to be fed? On golden plates, made of solid gold. And gold glasses, everything made of solid gold. In that way they used to treat them. But now, overnight they lost everything. And the brāhmaṇas wanted to go with them. They said: “Wherever you go, we will go with you.” Then Yudhistira Mahārāja said: “Now we are just beggars, we are paupers.” How am I going to treat you all?” So they said: “We don’t care about eating. We are not going with you to eat. We are going with you for your association.” Don’t worry about what you are going to eat. We are used to fasting. If nothing comes, then patraṁpuṣpaṁphalaṁtoyaṁ, it is all right with us. But at the same time Yudhistira Mahārāja was concerned: “So he asked his spiritual master, Kanva Muni. What should we do?” He said the source of all food is Sūryadeva. So you pray to him. Then they prayed to Sūryadeva. Sūryadeva appeared. And he gave him one pot. And he said that whatever is cooked in this pot you can serve endlessly until Draupadī eats. Draupadī is the last one to eat. When Draupadī eats, after that the pot will become empty. That is how they were feeding all the brāhmaṇas who were there They were feeding them. And Duryodhana knew that and he knew at what time Draupadī would finish her lunch and then they would not have anything. And Durvāsā would come there with his fifty four thousand disciples. Then the question will arise to feed. But they won’t have anything to feed. So Durvāsā will curse them and as a result of Durvāsā’s curse the Pāṇḍavas will be finished. That was Duryodhana’s plan. You know what happened after that? How many of you know? And how many of you want to hear? And how many of you did not raise your hands. I am watching!

Devotees: [Laughter]

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: Be enthusiastic in the class. Don’t be dummies. Durvāsā came and at the specific time Draupadī finished her lunch. And they were in big anxiety. Now what to do? Durvāsā came with his 64.000 disciples. Yudhistira Mahārāja did not realize that Draupadī already finished her lunch. Yudhistira Mahārāja told Durvāsā: “Please go and take your bath. Then come for lunch.” But when he enquired from Draupadī he found out that she already ate. So now Yudhistira Mahārāja is in a big anxiety what to do. So when they were in distress what did they do? How many of you know? Okay, that’s good. They prayed to Kṛṣṇa: “Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa please save us from this situation.” So Kṛṣṇa came and Yudhistira Mahārāja told Kṛṣṇa what happened. Kṛṣṇa said: “Look at the pot, is there anything left?” And they saw that the pot was not washed as yet. There was just one little grain of rice there sticking to the pot. Kṛṣṇa took it and he belched out of satisfaction. And when Kṛṣṇa belches the whole world belches.

Devotees: [Laughter]

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: Durvāsā with his sixty four thousand disciples started to belch. That means they don’t have any appetite left. They were fully satisfied. They were not able to eat anymore. Durvāsā was now in anxiety. Yudhistira Mahārāja will make such arrangements for his prasādam and now they won’t be able to eat anything? Now Yudhistira Mahārāja will curse him! So Durvāsā took all his disciples and said: “I don’t know what is happening. We see that our stomachs are filled up to the neck. We won’t be able to eat anymore. And now Yudhistira Mahārāja made such elaborate arrangements for us. It will be so embarrassing for us. Let’s not go back to Yudhistira Mahārāja. Let us run away from here.” From the river itself they all ran away.

These are a few anecdotes describing Durvāsā’s character. Durvāsā became the guest of king Kuntī-Bhoja. King Kuntī-Bhoja appointed Kuntī to take care of Durvāsā. And Durvāsā had a nature; he was…Anyway some characters are like that. Probably this is also Kṛṣṇa’s arrangement. Durvāsā would be so eager to find faults and curse. And Durvāsā is actually an incarnation of Lord Shiva’s destructive potency, Rudra. So he was demanding all kinds of things from this little girl. He was asking for food at all odd hours. In the middle of the night he woke up. Or he even thought: “Let me see if the girl is awake or if she is asleep.” She is attending me, she should not sleep. He went and found that she is wide awake attending for him. And as soon as Kuntī saw him she stood up and asked: “Oh, Durvāsā Muni, tell me what you need. And he demanded: “I want this, this and this.” Kuntī immediately went and prepared everything and cared. This is how she served Durvāsā so nicely that Durvāsā Muni was extremely pleased with her. And while departing Durvāsā who also knew what would actually happen to Kuntī in the future… This is another quality of these sages. They can see what would happen in the future. They are tri-kāla darśī. They can see the past, they can see the present and they can see the future. Knowing well what would happen to Kuntī in the future, I will explain it afterwards, Durvāsā Muni blessed her, and gave her a boon: “You can call any of the demigods to conceive a child from them.” And she was a little girl. She got the boon. “Oh, I can call any demigod and get anything I want from them.” She did not understand what the gravity of this boon was. And playfully she looked out of the palace window and saw Sūryadeva, the sun planet, so brilliant. She knew that in the sun planet there is a sun god. She playfully chanted the mantra inviting the sun god to come. And the sun god came there. Who is this sun god? What is his name?

Devotees: King Vivashvan.

His Holiness Bhakti Charu Swami: King Vivashvan. So Vivashvan came and he said: “Look, you called me. So your desire will be fulfilled. You will get a child. Then Kuntī was very embarrassed. She said: “Look, I am not married as yet.” The sun god said: “Look, you called me. My purpose of my coming is not going to go in vain. It will happen, you will get a child. But your virginity will remain intact. Don’t worry. The child will be borne through your ears. He will come through your ear. The child was born, the child came out. From a little form that could come out through the ear hole it grew right there into a full grown, new born baby. And he was adorned with a natural armor and shield. And a beautiful little child but Kuntī was so worried and so embarrassed. If everybody gets to know that she got a baby what will happen to her? So she put the baby in a basket and the palace was just on the bank of Yamuna. In Hastināpura, she let the child flow away in the river. Praying to the Lord that He would protect him. And that was Karṇa who was picked up by one suta, a chariot driver, called Adirath. And he and his wife, Rādhā, brought up this little child. And he was known as Radheya because he was the child of Rādhā.

This is how Kuntī had her first son from Sūryadeva. In due course of time Kuntī was married to King Pāṇḍu. Pāṇḍu hailed from the Kuru-dynasty, it is actually the dynasty that hailed from the moon. He was the king of the Kuru dynasty. The Kuru-dynasty is also a very illustrious dynasty as you all know. There was a very famous king called Śāntanu. Śāntanu got married to Ganga-devi, mother Ganges, the celestial river. Ganga comes from the spiritual sky. As a result their union Bhīṣma was born, the Grandsire. But Bhīṣma took a vow not to ever get married.

And then Vyāsadeva… The family line came to a possible halt. This is also another very amazing anecdote, a very amazing happening. When Śāntanu was hunting in the forest he came across Satyavatī, a very beautiful woman who was actually the daughter of a fisherman. The daughter of the king of the fishermen, Divya-Rāja. Śāntanu approached Satyavatī for marriage. She said: “Look, you have to ask my father.” Śāntanu went and asked this king of the fishermen, Divya-Rāja.

And so he knew from the prediction or from astrological calculations made by the exalted sages that this girl’s sons will become kings. Knowing that she told Śāntanu that I can offer my daughter to you with the condition that her offspring, her children will become the king. Her children will become the king. So Śāntanu said: “Look, I already have a son and he is coroneted the crown prince.” So then he refused:”Then I cannot offer my daughter to you.” Śāntanu came back completely heartbroken. And Bhīṣma whose name was Devavrata at that time asked his father, they were very close, they were very intimate, practically together all the time. They were not only the father and son. They were more like friends. And so Bhīṣma asked what happened. “Why you look so morose and sad?” Śāntanu said… He did not disclose anything, he denied of anything being wrong. Then Devavrata went and asked the chariot driver what happened. And the chariot driver then told what actually happened. He asked the chariot driver: “Can you please take me to that place?” He went there and he asked: “Why are you not offering your daughter to the king?” Devara-Rāja told him why not, why he could not offer his daughter. Because he wanted his daughter’s child to be the king. Then Bhīṣma said: “Okay, fine, my father could not give you that assurance because I was there, I am his son. I am relinquishing my claim on the throne. And yes, your son, your grandson will become the king. This Divya-Rāja, he thought for a while and he said: “Well your children, you may not want to have your claim over the throne but what about your children?” Then Bhīṣma said: “Okay, then I will not even get married if that is the possible thread.” And it was such a terrible vow. For a kṣatriya to take a vow of celibacy is practically impossible because they are always surrounded by beautiful women and living in such luxury, having such and plus having a body which is so powerful. It is very difficult for them to maintain a vow of celibacy. When Bhīṣma took the vow of celibacy the demigods started to glorify him. “What a terribly vow, what a terrible vow this boy has taken!” they said. And that sounded like, the word for that is: “Bhīṣma, Bhīṣma” What a terrible vow, what a terrible vow!” And that’s how he actually got the name Bhīṣma.

Now the Devara-Rāja wanted Satyavatīs’ children to become the king. And in due course of time Satyavatī gave birth to two sons, Citrāṅgada and Vicitravīrya. And both the sons died untimely. Citrāṅgada, the elder one died while fighting with the Yakṣas, headed by a person also called Citrāṅgada. And he did not like that somebody with the same name is so famous. Demigods were glorifying Citrāṅgada, but it was not him, Citrāṅgada, it was some other person, a human being, Citrāṅgada. He became very upset and he came and he challenged him. And he said: “Look it is not fair that two Citrāṅgadas are there, there should be only one Citrāṅgada. So let’s fight.” And a terrible fight ensued. They fought for a long, long time. And at the end Citrāṅgada died, the son of Satyavatī. Then when he died Vicitravīrya became the king. And he was a little boy. It is also a custom that when one ascends the throne he should be married. And Bhīṣma got to know about three girls: Amba, AmbikāandAmbālikā. Three daughters of the king of Kāśī. And these three daughters were actually incarnations of Durga. Bhīṣma wanted them to be married to Vicitravīrya.

Anyway, Bhīṣma that is another story, Mahābhārata is full of exciting anecdotes. Anyway Amba refused by saying that she already gave her heart to somebody else, Śālva. When Bhīṣma got to know that she already gave her heart to somebody else, he said: “Okay, you go. Marry him. But when she went to Śālva, Śālva refused to accept her. He said: “Do you think that I am a beggar, that I will take somebody’s charity. “Oh, go get married to Śālva.” Actually Śālva fought with Bhīṣma and he was defeated. He could not accept the humiliation of the defeat. He refused Amba. He said:”Go, he has claimed you. So he should marry you.” Then Amba went back and told Bhīṣma. Bhīṣma said:”Look I have taken a vow of celibacy. I have taken a vow not to ever get married. I am sorry.” Then Amba said: “Look, when you picked me up on the chariot, you held me by my hand and pulled me into the chariot. That was an indication that you accepted me.” Bhīṣma said: “I am sorry.” So then Amba went back to grandfather who was performing austerities in the forest. And he said: “Look, this is what happened, please do something about this. Please urge him, please make him marry me.” Then he said:”’Okay, you see, Paraśurāma is Bhīṣma’s guru and he is my friend. So Paraśurāma will be coming here soon. I will request him. Bhīṣma may not listen to my request but he will listen to his guru’s request.” So Paraśurāma came and he said: “Don’t worry, I will tell him to get married.” He went and told Bhīṣma:”Bhīṣma get married to this girl”. Bhīṣma said: “Gurudeva, you know that I have taken a vow.” He said:      “Tike, you have taken a vow, but I am telling you, so it should be alright. You can break your vow on the order of the spiritual master.” “You are not going to accept my words? My order? Bhīṣma said: “Yes, if your order is not appropriate and befitting then that order can be refused.” Paraśurāma became very angry. He said:”Come and fight with me.” They fought, fought for a long time. Paraśurāma who is an incarnation of the Lord. He is a śaktyāveśa-avatāra, who wiped out all the kṣatriyas from the planet, from this planet for twenty one times. Now he cannot defeat Bhīṣma who was taught by him. Bhīṣma was his disciple. At some point Paraśurāma told: “Bhīṣma I am very pleased with you. Ask for any boon.” While fighting! Bhīṣma said: “If you are pleased with me then stop fighting.” That is how their fight ended. And Paraśurāma told Amba: “Look, you saw, I tried my best but I did not succeed. Please excuse me.” So then, in outer despair what did Amba do? Amba entered into fire with the vow, with the desire to kill Bhīṣma, to be the cause of Bhīṣma’s death. And as a result of that she was born as the son of Drupada, Śikhaṇḍī, who actually became…He did not kill Bhīṣma but he became the cause of Bhīṣma’s death. King Vicitravīrya got married to Ambikā and Ambālikā, these two daughters of Kāśī raja, the king of Kāśī. And he became so absorbed in enjoying with them that his body started to wear off. He developed tuberculosis, [Unclear] which is called [Unclear], the body wears out. So Vicitravīrya died. See, this Devara-Rāja wanted his grandchildren to be the king. Now as a result of that Bhīṣma said that he will not get married. And these two grand children are now dead. And in the family there is no successor. And Bhīṣma is the only successor but he took a vow that he will not have any claim on the throne. He won’t have any claim on the throne and he won’t ever get married. Satyavatī approached Bhīṣma. She said: “Bhīṣma do something to have a progeny in the family. Bhīṣma declined. Satyavatī then requested that in the womb of these sisters in law you get the children.” I am your mother, I am asking you to do that. But Bhīṣma declined. It is a custom; it is one of the customs in the vedic culture. Devareṇa sutotpattiṁ, procreating children, begetting children by the brother-in-law. A widow, if she does not have a child, can have a child through the devareṇa, the brother in law. The brother of her husband. But these things have been forbidden in the age of Kali. Five things have been forbidden in the age of Kali. What are those? aśvamedhaṁ gavālambhaṁ sannyāsaṁ pala-paitṛkam devareṇa sutotpattiṁ kalau pañca vivarjayet. These five things are forbidden in the age of Kali. What are they? Aśvamedha and gomedha yajña. Horse sacrifice and cow sacrifice have been forbidden in the age of Kali. [Unclear]

Sannyāsa, accepting the order of sannyāsa. But then the question is: “Mahārāja, you are saying it is forbidden but you are a sannyāsa. Yes, Śrīla Prabhupāda made it clear. The sannyāsa that has been forbidden in the Age of Kali is the ekadandi sannyāsa, not tridandi sannyāsa. Tridandi sannyāsa means sannyāsa for the sake of pure devotion to the Lord. That has not been forbidden. That is the thing in the Age of Kali. Sannyāsa, then aśvamedhaṁ gavālambhaṁ sannyāsaṁ pala-paitṛkam devareṇa sutotpattiṁ. Offering meat in the sraddha ceremony of the departed soul. That is forbidden in the Age of Kali. And devareṇa sutotpattiṁ, creating progeny by the brother in law.

Anyway, so Bhīṣma declined. Then Satyavatī consulted with Bhīṣma and told him: “Look, you have another half-brother. And that is Vyāsadeva. And she narrated the whole incident. So this Vyāsadeva was invited to procreate in the womb of Ambikā and Ambālikā. And as a result of that Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Pāṇḍu and Vidura were born. Dhṛtarāṣṭra was born blind in the womb of Ambikā, Pāṇḍu was born in the womb of Ambālikā through Vyāsadeva and in the womb of a maid servant, Vidura was born. This is how these three children, Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Pāṇḍu and Vidura were born.

Dhṛtarāṣṭra was blind. Therefore he could not ascend the throne, therefore Pāṇḍu became the king. And Pāṇḍu got married to two princesses, Kuntī and Madri. And Dhṛtarāṣṭra got married to Gāndhārī, the daughter of the king of Gāndhāra. So Gāndhārī is today’s Kandahar in Afghanistan. That part used to be a part of India 5000 years ago.

So Pāṇḍu by accident he killed a sage, who was in the act of copulation with his wife but both of them assumed a form of a deer and a doe. And thinking that this was a deer Pāṇḍu shoot an arrow and killed the deer. But then when it was struck by the arrows it assumed his human form. And while dying he cursed Pāṇḍu; “If you ever indulge in sexual act you will immediately die.” As a result of that curse Pāṇḍu left home. Because as I said, to live in the atmosphere of the palace and maintain a vow of celibacy is very, very difficult. It is practically impossible because there are so many provocations. He went to the forest with his two wives. And at one time Pāṇḍu suggested to Kuntī: “You have some children through one of the sages. They are in the Himalayas living with the saintly personalities, the sages. So Kuntī refused that proposal. She said: “No, I cannot have children from somebody else.” When Pāṇḍu kept on insisting Kuntī told him that actually I had a boon from Durvāsā Muni. I can call a demigod and get a child. Then Pāṇḍu said: “Okay, then you call Dharmarāja, Yamarāja. Because Yamarāja is known for his noble character. He is the judge, the supreme judge. He is the upholder of dharma. And as a result of that Yudhistira Mahārāja was born. Pāṇḍu actually considered that the king must be just and that’s why, thinking that his son will become king in due course of time, he invited Dharmarāja first. And then he considered that the king must be protected by a very powerful person. He requested Kuntī to get a powerful son. Now who is the most powerful of all demigods? Pavana deva. And as a result of that Bhima was born. And then he considered that he should have a great worrier as his son. And they invited Indra, the king of the demigods. And then Arjuna was born. These three children were born out of celestial personalities, demigods. Yudhistira said:”Have another son”. Kuntī said: ”No, I had enough. Three is enough.” Pāṇḍu said: “Why don’t you teach this mantra to Madri so that she can also have a child?” Kuntī said: “Okay, I will teach her on the condition that only once she will be able to chant this mantra and invite the demigods.” Madri thought: “I can use the mantra only once, so let me call the personality who is one, yet two.” That is Aswini Kumar. And as a result of that she got two children: Nakula and Sahadeva. So these five personalities appeared as the children of the demigods and they are known as the Pāṇḍavas.

So Kuntī devi became known as the mother of the Pāṇḍavas. Why? Because remember Pāṇḍu had that curse. Now one day in springtime… Springtime is considered to be the time of Cupid which arouses the sexual desires in the hearts. So the atmosphere becomes very beautiful, the flowers bloom at that time and the air carries the fragrance of the flowers. The whole atmosphere, everything becomes so attractive, so pleasing. Pāṇḍu was there in the forest with Madri up in the Himalayas. At that time he became overwhelmed with the urge seeing the beauty of Madri. Madri tried to stop him but she could not. And as a result of that Pāṇḍu died. So when Pāṇḍu died both Kuntī and Madri decided to go with him, become sati. This is also another custom in the Vedic culture. But it is a voluntary custom, no force, no pressure. Both of them wanted to follow him after his death, entering into the funeral pyre. Kuntī’s argument was, Kuntī’s claim was, I am the principle queen. So I should go with him. But Madri said: “Look, one of us has to stay alive to take of the children. And you have the three sons, I have two. You are responsibility to take care of the children is greater than mine. And it is because of me that he left his body, he died. So his desire remained unfulfilled. Therefore I need to go with him to fulfill his desires. These arguments were undefeatable, so Kuntī … We can see that they voluntarily wanted to go with the husband. They were competing: “I want to go…No, no I want to go.” So then Madri became a sahamrita, followed her husband, while Kuntī stayed on and took care of the five children, becoming a mother of five. She went through various difficulties.

Finally she is actually offering these prayers to Kṛṣṇa. This way, these are very beautiful prayers, Prabhupāda himself sung these prayers in a beautiful way. Prabhupāda got these prayers in a book called: ‘The Teachings of Queen Kuntī”. Through these prayers Queen Kuntī is teaching some lessons to us. So we will discuss following the verses that are the prayers of Queen Kuntī from tomorrow. Thank you very much. All glories to Śrīla Prabhupāda! Gaura premanande! Hari Haribol!

Now prasādam in four minutes. I hope it is all set. Just see if they are ready. Very good.

mahā-prasāde govinde
nāma-brahmaṇi vaiṣṇave
sv-alpa-puṇya-vatāṁ rājan

viśvāso naiva jāyate

śarīra avidyā-jāl, jaḍendriya tāhe kāl,
jīve phele viṣaya-sāgare
tā’ra madhye jihvā ati, lobhamay sudurmati,
tā’ke jetā kaṭhina saṁsāre 

kṛṣṇa baḍa dayāmay, karibāre jihvā jay,
sva-prasādānna dila bhāi
sei annāmṛta pāo, rādhā-kṛṣṇa-guṇa gāo,
preme ḍāko caitanya-nitāi 

hare kṛṣṇa hare kṛṣṇa
kṛṣṇa kṛṣṇa hare hare
hare rāma hare rāma
rāma rāma hare hare